ARPHA Conference Abstracts : Conference Abstract
Conference Abstract
Radiation and ancestral range reconstruction of the cave beetle genus Anthroherpon (Coleoptera, Leiodidae, Leptodirini)
expand article infoIva Njunjić, Kasper P Hendriks§,, Menno Schilthuizen, Vincent Merckx, Michel Perreau|, Louis Deharveng
‡ Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden, Netherlands
§ Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
| IUT Paris Diderot, Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France
¶ Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
Open Access


The genus Anthroherpon Reitter, 1889 is the most species-rich genus of the exclusively subterranean subtribe Anthroherponina. It comprises 26 species and 55 subspecies distributed in the Dinaric mountains which are known to be a world biodiversity hotspot for subterranean fauna. Most species are short-range endemics and more than half of the species are known only from a single cave, but the genus as a whole has a wide range. This study provides a comprehensive evolutionary analysis of the Anthroherpon radiation, using a dated molecular tree as a framework for understanding the diversification of the genus and reconstructing its ancestral range. We reconstructed the phylogeny of Anthroherpon using Bayesian analysis of six loci, both mitochondrial and nuclear, and we inferred the ancestral range of the genus using BioGeoBEARS. Our main findings show that Anthroherpon is monophyletic and started to diverge approximately in the Early Miocene (ca. 22 MYA). The genus has diversified entirely underground. Our results show that troglobitic lineages like Anthroherpon can disperse and diversify underground over a large geographic area during long periods of time. Biogeographic reconstruction of the ancestral range shows the origin of the genus in the area comprising three high mountains in western Montenegro: Dobreljica, Moračke planine, and Orjen. From this area the presumed ancestor dispersed to the other parts of its present range.

Presenting author

Iva Njunjić

Presented at

24th International Conference on Subterranean Biology, Aveiro, Portugal

Hosting institution

University of Aveiro