ARPHA Conference Abstracts : Conference Abstract
Conference Abstract
Distribution changes of Carabus species in Slovenia: historical data analysis
expand article infoUrška Ratajc, Andrej Kapla, Špela Ambrožič Ergaver, Al Vrezec
‡ National Institute of Biology, Ljubljana, Slovenia
Open Access


In the past few decades, there has been a sharp decline in specialised and rare species of ground beetles (Carabus) throughout Europe. Our aim was to determine the distribution trends of chosen species and their conservation status in Slovenia. Based on historical and recent data over the period from 1850 to 2018, distribution maps for 25 species of genus Carabus have been made. The reduction in distribution area size was used to evaluate the decline of each species in Slovenia and for assigning them to different categories of threat status. Our results show that a significant number of species from genus Carabus are in decline. Open habitat species of ground beetles (C. cancellatus), ground beetles that are dependent on mature, unmanaged forests (C. glabratus, C. croaticus) and species, very sensitive to climate change (C. irregularis) were found to be the most endangered. Currently, only 3 species are on the Red list of threatened species in Slovenia (C. auronitens, C. gigas and C. variolosus nodulosus), and based on our results, at least 10 species of ground beetles should be added to the existing list. Two species of ground beetles, C. kollari and C. montivagus, have already disappeared from Slovenia in the last few decades, therefore intensive ecological studies of the remaining species and immediate effective conservation strategies are essential.

Presenting author

Urška Ratajc

Presented at

19thECM oral communication

Funding program

This work was financially supported by the Slovenian Research Agency research core funding No P4-0165 and programme for young researchers.

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