ARPHA Conference Abstracts : Conference Abstract
Conference Abstract
Some seed properties affecting seed choice by Poecilus cupreus
expand article infoHana Foffová‡,§, Pavel Saska|, David A. Bohan
‡ Crop Research Institute, Functional Diversity in Agro-Ecosystems, Drnovská 507, 161 06, Praha 6 - Ruzyne, Czech Republic
§ Czech University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Sciences, Department of Ecology, Kamýcká 129, 165 00, Praha - Suchdol, Czech Republic
| Crop Research Institute, Prague 6 Ruzyne, Czech Republic
¶ INRA, UMR 1210 Biologie et Gestion des Adventices, 17 rue Sully, BP 86510, 21065, Dijon, France
Open Access


Seed predators are an integral part of agrocoenoses where they contribute to the reduction of weed populations. Although they are taking part in biological control of weed seeds, we still do not understand which properties of seeds are responsible for variable attractiveness of different species of seeds to carabids beetles. Seed coat provides a physical barrier and hinders volatiles to be released from the seeds when these are dry. In this work, we focused on seed preferences of Taraxacum officinale and Stellaria media by a ground beetle (Coleoptera: Carabidae) species, Poecilus cupreus, which is known as an omnivorous species. The seeds were used in three different states - dry, imbibed and with crushed seed coat, and from two different origins. The seeds were presented simultaneously in an experimental arena. Seed consumption was assessed after 30 minutes, 24 hours and 48 hours of exposure. There was no statistically significant difference between seeds with different origin. The most preferred seeds were T. officinale with damaged seed coat. The total consumption of these seeds was was 0.1 % after 30 minutes, 13.8 % after 1 day and 71.5 % after 48 hours. The seeds of S. media were consumed less. This indicates that the consumption was enhanced by either an increase of volatile compounds from the damaged seeds that attracted the beetles, or from shorter handling time due to reduced physical barrier of the crushed coat.

Presenting author

Pavel Saska

login to comment