ARPHA Conference Abstracts : Conference Abstract
Conference Abstract
Biodiversity of Early Holocene large mammals from the territory of Bulgaria according to remains from archaeological sites
expand article info Nadezhda Borislavova Karastoyanova
‡ National Museum of Natural History- BAS, Sofia, Bulgaria
Open Access


Animal remains from archeological sites give a rather good sample of data, showing habitats and biodiversity during the early Holocene . In multiple settlements in the Eastern Balkans, there are numerous remains of wild mammals that were hunted by humans through the prehistory (7200-5800 BP). This gives a general idea of the habitats around and near the settlements. Such deposits of animal remains are the main source of data on fauna during this period and give us information on the processes leading to the extinction of some species.

This paper analyzes more than 26000 animal remains (bones, horns, antlers and teeth) from large mammals from orders: Аrtiodactyla, Perissodactyla and Carnivora from 4 still unpublished deposits from Bulgaria. I summarize data from already published remains from 33 sites in East Balkans. These analyses provide a general picture of both habitats and biodiversity and some of the major factors that caused extinction of some large mammals in Bulgaria during the early Holocene.


animal remains, prehistory, subfossil, bones, habitat

Presenting author

Dr. Nadezhda Karastoyanova

Presented at

Vth International Congress on Biodiversity: „Taxonomy, Speciation and Euro-Mediterranean Biodiversity“


This work was supported by the Bulgarian Ministry of Education and Science under the National Research Programe “Young scientists and postdoctoral students”. I want also to thank to Dr. Sc. Vassil Nikolov Corr., Dr. Yavor Boyadzhiev Associate Professor (NAIM-BAS) for giving me the chance to analyze the mammal remains from their sites and Prof. Dr. Nikolai Spassov for the support.

Funding program

This work was supported by the Bulgarian Ministry of Education and Science under the National Research Programme “Young scientists and postdoctoral students” approved by DCM # 577 / 17.08.2018